Course Catalog
MAT 3223. Complex Variables. (30) 3 Credit Hours.
Prerequisites: MAT 2214 and MAT 3213. An introduction to complex variables, including elementary functions, line integrals, power series, residues and poles, and conformal mappings. Generally offered: Spring. Differential Tuition: $150.
Textbook: John M. Howie, Complex Analysis, Springer Undergraduate Mathematics Series, SpringerVerlag London (2003). ISBN: 9781447100270. [1]
Week 
Sections 
Topics 
Student Learning Outcomes

1

2.1, 2.2

Introduction to complex numbers, their operations and geometry.

 Complex numbers and the complex plane.
 Elementary operations on complex numbers (addition, subtraction, multiplication, division, conjugation, modulus, argument).
 Complex numbers in Cartesian and polar forms.
 Complex operations: Elementary algebraic identities and inequalities.
 Geometric meaning of complex arithmetic operations.
 DeMoivre's Formula.

2

3.1, 3.2, 3.3

Topology of the complex plane. Continuous complex functions.

 Essential analysis concepts: sequences, series, limits, convergence, completeness.
 Basic topology of the complex plane: open, closed and punctured discs, open and closed sets, neighborhoods.
 Continuous functions and operations on them.

3

4.1

Complex differentiation

 Definition of complex derivative at a point.
 CauchyRiemann equations.
 Examples of differentiable and nondifferentiable complex functions.
 Holomorphic functions.

4

4.2

Examples of power series and their formal manipulation.

 Review of Taylor coefficients and Taylor series. Radius of convergence.
 Power series of rational functions.
 Power series defining the complex exponential, trigonometric and hyperbolic functions.

5

4.3, 4.4 & 4.5

Complex natural logarithms. Multivalued holomorphic functions. Singularities.

 Definition of the multivalued complex natural logarithm, its principal branch, and other branches.
 Complex powers via logarithms.
 Definition of branch point and branches.
 Functions holomorphic in punctured neighborhoods. Poles and other singularities.
 Examples of branching and singularities (complex logarithms, inverse trigonometric/hyperbolic functions, and complex powers).

6

None

Review. First midterm exam.


7

5.2 & 5.3

Parametric curves. Line integrals.

 Parametric representation of piecewise smooth curves.
 Arclength. Rectifiable curves.
 Line integrals: Definition, examples, and elementary properties.
 Line integrals of holomorphic functions. Fundamental Theorem.

8

5.4 & 5.5

Estimation and convergence of line integrals.

 Majorization of path integrals by arclength and bound on magnitude of integrand.
 Antiderivatives of complex functions with pathindependent line integrals.
 Uniform and nonuniform convergence of sequences and series of complex functions.
 Continuous uniform limits of continuous sequences and series, and their integrals.

9

6.1, 6.2, 6.3

Cauchy's Theorem and its basic consequences.

 Statement of Cauchy's Theorem.
 Proof of Cauchy's Theorem.
 The Deformation Theorem.

10

7.1 & 7.2

Cauchy's Integral Formula. Taylor series.

 Statement and proof of Cauchy's Integral Formula.
 Existence, uniqueness, and general theory of Taylor series of holomorphic functions.
 Rigorous definition of and proof that complex logarithms are holomorphic.

11

None

Review. Second midterm exam.

12

8.1–8.3

Isolated singularities and Laurent series. The Residue Theorem.

 Definition of Laurent series about an isolated singularity. Examples.
 Types of isolated singularities: Removable, polar, essential. The CassoratiWeierstrass Theorem.
 Statement and proof of the Residue Theorem.
 Elementary techniques to evaluate residues.

13

Chapter 9.

Calculus of residues.

 Evaluation of integrals of real analytic functions using residues.
 Evaluation of series of real analytic functions using residues.

14

11.1–11.3

Conformal mappings.

 Preservation of angles and conformal mappings of the plane.
 Conformal mappings yield pairs of conjugate harmonic functions.
 Dirichlet's Problem on a planar region.
 The Riemann Mapping Theorem.
 Möbius transformations and their use in solving elementary Dirichlet Problems.

15

Chapter 10. (At instructor's discretion, week 15 may be used to wrapup and review instead.)

Complex integration and geometric properties of holomorphic functions

 Rouché's Theorem.
 The Open Mapping Theorem.
 Winding numbers.
